L-C Meter Adapter
I had to use a signal generator, resistor, and oscilloscope to measure the value of an inductor for my battery-charger project. That was just irritating. So, after looking for a reasonably priced L-C meter and finding none, I started looking at articles for building one. There are many on the net, but I picked a circuit by Iulian Rosu. It looked the best for checking all sizes of inductors with minimum errors due to resistance and core saturation. The capacitance meter was thrown in for convienience and does not pretend to be a circuit in the league with a Gary Novak's femto farad circuit
. It is just a simple capacitance checker.
Be warned that I never got this thing to work well, especially the inductance part. After a lot of tinkering sporatically over five years, I gave up. During that five years, the price of a simple digital meter had dropped to less than I paid for the parts to build the unreliable meter I built. However, I am leaving the page here as my own reference and for anyone interested in such a project.
If you look at the schematic below you will see that it is just a re-drawn version of the schematic for Iulian Rosu's adapter shown in the qsl.net webpage
. I added one more position to the range switch to go to 20mH. There is probably a good reason why the increase in range won't work. I am hoping it is just accuracy. At 20 mH I am just looking for a range confirmation, not an actual measurement.
The other change I made to the inductance adapter circuit was to add a 10X gain stage after the detector. I wanted the inductance and capacitance adapters to use the same voltmeter scale and the capacitance adapter did not work so well on the 200mV scale.
Oh yes! I also had to change the clock to a 3.2MHz oscillator with division down to 100kHZ. It was more cost effective (cheaper) to use the 3.2MHzcrystal and a 4060 IC than to buy a 100kHz crystal.
The capacitance circuit is a triggered one-shot that is driven by the crystal clock. The clock is there, so why not use it? Simply pick the resistors to give the correct averaged output voltage for the available clock periods.
Because I wanted full-scale ranges from 2nF to 200uF, the resistor value range would have to be from 10 to 1 megohm, a couple of the timing resistors would have to be 1-Watt rated, a separate discharge power-transistor and driver would be needed, and a 1-amp power supply would be needed. This would not work well.
I had to use two clock periods and two voltages in order to keep the resistor values in a reasonable range of values. The clock periods are a multiple of 100; that allowed me keep the resistor value for the 200uF range down to 511 ohms and still retain a reasonable 511k ohms for the 2nF range. By using 9V for the timer and timing resistors, I could use the low-time of the timing pulse for the measurement time and the high-time of the pulse for reset. A reset time is needed to get the big capacitors discharged after measurement, but it is also needed to discharge an over-range capacitor that only gets partially charged during the measurement time. Without the discharge, a capacitor with a value greater than the selected measurement range, would not be starting from 0V during the measurement period.
Schematic diagram of Adapter
I should have used double-sided board or planned layout to better fit an available box size. What I got was a 4.25" x 4.75" board. When you add a 12V transformer ( I don't like wall warts), two rotary switches, the test terminals,and the voltmeter terminals the adapter box is pretty big and there is a lot of wasted space in standard boxes. What to do?
Build a box? Too much work in metal. How about wood? Yuk! That looks like cr--. Okay, another project. make a wood box that doesn't look like a wood box.
What is with all the green lines and components outside the board perimeter?
The REV A layout is not on my board, but is a better layout. I drew it after assembling my proto board to make assembly easier if I make a final board.
The layout to the right of the REV A layout is the board modification to add two 4017 SOIC devices to the existing proto board. These parts were not in the original design so I had to mount them upside-down on top of each other, and on top of the 74HC4060 DIP. It is not elegant. A new board layout would be very time consuming, but if it ever happens, I probably would switch to 74HC4017 and put them on the opposite side of the board. Maybe I could redesign the power supply to get them down close to the timer. There is room in the box to mount a separate power regulator board and get the power components of of the main board entirely.
Adapter Board Layout
Copyright Dale Thompson,
November 29, 2008 through
last revision on January 16, 2011